The economic system of the Bible is agrarian; it is based upon the supposition that nearly all of the people live upon the land and engage in agricultural pursuits. It was intended that there should be neither poverty nor riches—neither beggary nor great wealth—in the land, but that every man should be economically independent and self-supporting, possessing his habitation and means of live-lihood and enjoying the products of his labor; in short, that each should sit “under his vine and fig tree” and “eat the fruit thereof.”
According to Biblical law, it is elemental that every man should “bear his own burden,” —maintain himself and his family—and should “labour,” plant his garden and till his land.
~H.B. Clark, Biblical Law Sec.245